By Jonathan A. Goldstein
II Maccabees maintains the chronicle of the "Time of the concerns" (167-64 B.C.E.), started in I Maccabees. It recounts the tales of clash among militant Jews, led by means of Judas Maccabaeus, and their Hellenistic oppressors. other than the tale of the fight to regulate the temple and the holy urban of Jerusalem, notwithstanding, II Maccabees stocks little in universal with I Maccabees. the second one quantity of reflections of Jewry within the iteration following the Maccabaean riot offers and evaluates the adventure from its personal designated perspective.
How those occasions got here to be written, who advised the tales, and what purposes stimulated such divergent but parallel interpretations are the questions Jonathan A. Goldstein, translator and commentator on either Maccabaean histories, addresses right here. Goldstein makes use of the entire array of scholarly instruments to ascertain the severe concerns raised by way of II Maccabees. by way of studying its language and magnificence, its Hellenic but Jewish taste, its comparability and dating to I Maccabees, its use of sacred writings (Torah and Prophets), its historic context, and the function of the dazzling, Goldstein completely elucidates this strong account of a pivotal interval in Jewish history.
As the observation makes transparent, II Maccabees specializes in definite issues: miracles as God's instruments for shaping background; the holiness of the Jerusalem temple; the dynamic courting among the Hasmonaean rulers and their pious competitors; compliment of martyrdom; the doctrine of resurrection. An abridgment of Jason of Cyrene's paintings, II Maccabees advances its personal theological standpoint to its Greek-speaking viewers, refuting the Hasmonaean partisan's view that pervades I Maccabees.
Jonathan A. Goldstein, writer of I Maccabees, is Professor of historical past and Classics on the college of Iowa. He earned bachelor's and master's levels at Harvard, and a doctorate at Columbia college.