By Mary Pickering
This ebook constitutes the 1st quantity of a projected two-volume highbrow biography of Auguste Comte, the founding father of sleek sociology and a philosophical move referred to as positivism. quantity One bargains a reinterpretation of Comte's "first career," (1798-1842) while he accomplished the medical starting place of his philosophy. It describes the interaction among Comte's principles and the ancient context of postrevolutionary France, his struggles with poverty and psychological affliction, and his risky relationships with associates, relations, and co-workers, together with such recognized contemporaries as Saint-Simon, the Saint-Simonians, Guizot, and John Stuart Mill. Pickering indicates that the guy who referred to as for a brand new social philosophy in response to the sciences used to be not just sick comfortable within the most elementary human relationships, but in addition profoundly puzzled the facility of the only medical spirit to regenerate the political and social international.
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Extra info for Auguste Comte: Volume 1: An Intellectual Biography (Auguste Comte Intellectual Biography)
See the copy of the original proposal, "Association des eleves de l'Ecole," in "Materiaux pour servir a la biographie d'Auguste Comte: Documents d'Auguste Comte relatifs a l'Ecole Polytechnique," ed. , 16 (July 1892): 151-3. The original proposal exists in the Maison d'Auguste Comte. G u i l l a u m e d e Bertier d e S a u v i g n y , The Bourbon Restoration, trans. L y n n M . Case (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1966), 134. See also the letter from the Prefet de l'Herault to Comte Decazes, June 14, 1816, F7 6817, Dossier 2076, AN; letter from the Prefet de l'Herault to the Ministre Secretaire d'Etat au Departement de la Police Generate du Royaume, July 12, 1816, F7 6817, Dossier 2076, AN.
He excelled in all his courses because he had an exceptional ability to concentrate, strong self-discipline, and an outstanding memory. 44 Not only could he remember several hundred lines of poetry after hearing them for the first time, but he could also recite backward a page of words that he had readjust once. In 1813, after taking all the courses offered by the lycee, he passed the admissions examination for the Ecole Poly technique, but at fifteen he was too young to attend. Instead, he was given permission to pursue special courses in mathematics with Daniel Encontre, a teacher at the lycee and also a professor at the local university.
Napoleon's militarism, his impoverishment of France, and his oppressive, reactionary policies in religion and politics made him one of the people Comte detested most throughout his life. "79 Nevertheless, Napoleon would always represent both a rival and an ideal to Comte, who spent most of his youth under his regime. 80 Comte would later aim to provide this type of guiding policy, or ideology, which he considered essential to the effective use of power. By substituting ideas for wars, he, not Napoleon, would thus reap the glory of leading the Revolution to its triumphant conclusion.