By John Abbatiello
Investigating the employment of British airplane opposed to German submarines in the course of the ultimate years of the 1st international struggle, this new ebook areas anti-submarine campaigns from the air in the broader heritage of the 1st global struggle. The Royal Naval Air carrier invested seriously in airplane of all types—aeroplanes, seaplanes, airships, and kite balloons—in order to counter the German U-boats. below the Royal Air strength, the air crusade opposed to U-boats endured uninterrupted. plane bombed German U-boat bases in Flanders, performed region and ‘hunting’ patrols round the coasts of england, and escorted service provider convoys to safeguard. even though plane appearing by myself destroyed just one U-boat in the course of the conflict, the general contribution of naval aviation to foiling U-boat assaults was once major. in simple terms 5 service provider vessels succumbed to submarine assault whilst convoyed via a mixed air and floor escort in the course of global warfare I. This book examines plane and guns expertise, aircrew education, and the plane construction concerns that formed this crusade. Then, a detailed exam of anti-submarine operations—bombing, patrols, and escort—yields a considerably diversified judgment from current interpretations of those operations. This learn is the 1st to take an goal examine the writing and book of the naval and air respectable histories as they instructed the tale of naval aviation through the nice struggle. the writer additionally examines the German view of airplane effectiveness, via German activities, prisoner interrogations, legitimate histories, and memoirs, to supply a comparative judgment. the belief closes with a quick narrative of post-war air anti-submarine advancements and a precis of findings. total, the writer concludes that regardless of the demanding situations of association, education, and construction the employment of airplane opposed to U-boats used to be mostly profitable throughout the nice War. This ebook might be of curiosity to historians of naval and air energy historical past, in addition to scholars of global battle I and army historical past more often than not.
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Additional info for Anti- Submarine Warfare in World War I: British Naval Aviation and the Defeat of the U-Boats (Cass Series: Naval Policy and History)
This class originated from Glenn Curtiss’s desire to win Lord Northcliffe’s 1913 prize, a sum of £10,000 to the ﬁrst person to ﬂy across the Atlantic in 72 hours. 16 The RNAS purchased these models for war use, the ﬁrst service ﬂights being ﬂown in early 1917. Technology: Aircraft and U-boats 15 Wing Commander J. C. Porte, who worked with Curtiss before the war and commanded the RNAS base at Felixstowe, improved the H-12, which suffered from a weak hull and insufﬁcient armament for self-defence.
Attacks had to be conducted either directly upwind or downwind to minimise lateral errors. The sight was suitable for attacks against submarines but required manoeuvring into the wind before making the bomb run, adding precious seconds to the attack sequence as the U-boat dove for safety. 123 The Drift bombsight series, invented by Lieutenant Commander H. E. Wimperis, used the second method of wind compensation. Known winds could be ascertained before the bomb run by ﬂying at right angles to the wind direction and lining up a drift bar with the actual path over the ground.
97 Admiral Sir F. T. 102 Escorting convoys provided another opportunity for night ﬂying. In April 1918 a 55-hour patrol of NS-3 met with little difﬁculty in maintaining contact with a convoy it was escorting during periods of moonlight illumination. 103 Again, the value of night escorts was Technology: Aircraft and U-boats 29 not in spotting a U-boat at night, but in being with the convoy at dawn in order to maximise the useful daylight in searching for U-boats in the vicinity. In July 1918 the Admiralty’s Anti-Submarine and Air Divisions considered the employment of searchlights from airships.