Anthropology at War: World War I and the Science of Race in by Andrew D. Evans

By Andrew D. Evans

Among 1914 and 1918, German anthropologists carried out their paintings in the middle of full-scale conflict. The self-discipline used to be rather new in German academia while international struggle I broke out, and, as Andrew D. Evans finds during this illuminating e-book, its improvement was once profoundly altered by way of the clash. because the battle formed the institutional, ideological, and actual atmosphere for anthropological paintings, the self-discipline became its again on its liberal roots and have become a nationalist recreation basically considering medical stories of race.

Combining highbrow and cultural historical past with the historical past of technological know-how, Anthropology at warfare examines either the origins and outcomes of this shift. Evans locates its roots within the choice to permit scientists entry to prisoner-of-war camps, which brought on them to concentration their examine on racial stories of the captives. stuck up in wartime nationalism, a brand new new release of anthropologists started to painting the country’s political enemies as racially diversified. After the battle ended, the significance put on racial conceptions and different types continued, paving the best way for the politicization of medical inquiry within the years of the ascendancy of nationwide Socialism.

Reviews:

"Evans not just deals an evidence for the most important transition within the heritage of German anthropology, he additionally offers the main accomplished historical past of the self-discipline to be had to this point. Even past this striking scholarly paintings, Evans has made a true conceptual contribution to the background of technological know-how, correcting the dominant view of the relation among technological know-how and politics." - Matti Bunzl, collage of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign"

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Additional resources for Anthropology at War: World War I and the Science of Race in Germany

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In the process, they produced a series of propagandized images that not only Introduction / 19 racialized the enemy, but also emphasized the supposed power and cohesion of the Central Powers and Germany. The final chapter examines anthropology in the aftermath of the conflict. The impact of the war continued to be felt long after 1918, not only through the hardships of difficult daily working conditions and financial strain, but also in the larger ideological directions of the discipline itself.

Archeological finds provided another means of exploring the past beyond what could be found in historical documents. 38 Prehistory was a field in which anthropologists and ethnologists of all stripes participated. 39 The chief division between the anthropological subdisciplines in the late nineteenth century was between physical anthropology and ethnology, but even here there was a good deal of overlap, mainly in personnel. Many physical anthropologists worked in the field of ethnology as well as their own.

52 In addition to lectures and scholarly gatherings, the societies often sponsored banquets and parties at which various forms of festivity, especially singing, were common. ” Moreover, the societies commonly organized day trips and excursions, often to archeological sites, as a means of generating interest and strengthening the bonds between members. With the societies as their institutional center, those interested in anthropology became acquainted with one another and established social bonds.

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