By Anthony Parsons
The Antarctic Treaty, organize in 1961 to supply a way for dealing with diplomacy in Antarctica, may be reviewed in 1991. This publication considers the query of the region's destiny with the evergrowing foreign curiosity within the zone as a resource of significant mineral assets. during this well timed survey, a learn team introduced jointly by way of the David Davies Memorial Institute of foreign stories seems on the political and environmental questions raised through the doubtless conflicting curiosity in Antarctica: what are the stresses inner and exterior, at the Antarctica Treaty approach, and will it increase to deal with them? If no longer, what's the most probably political outlook for Antarctica? including The Antartic Treaty Regime, edited via Gillian Triggs(CUP, 1987), which describes the elements of the Antartic Treaty approach, Cambridge bargains and authoritative foundation for the examine of the Antartic Treaty and its destiny.
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Additional info for Antarctica: The Next Decade: Report of a Group Study Chaired by Sir Anthony Parsons (Studies in Polar Research)
Antarctic minerals, as well as enhanced involvement of international organisations in the study of the area and its resources. Community interest and policy 'differential' Negotiations connected with regimes designed to give effect to a 'community interest' have in the past proved to be very different from those connected with resolving bilateral issues. When a 'community interest' is the basis of a national policy urged at a conference, considerations of equity may result in agreement on waiver, in certain circumstances, of a strict reciprocity as between industrialised and developing countries.
Importance of the Antarctic and its resources Much has been written in recent years of the natural resources of the Antarctic and its surrounding seas. There are those who see the Antarctic as the repository of enormous reserves of minerals, ranging from uranium to oil, and others who dispute that assessment, or who argue that the technology required for the safe and economic recovery of these resources is not likely to be developed in the foreseeable future. There are those who see the waters around the Antarctic as a vast storehouse of food capable of meeting all of the world's protein needs for years to come, and others, more cautious, who emphasise the dangers of ill-considered and excessive exploitation.
International equity - in the event that benefits arise from Antarctica, they should be widely shared within the international community, and involve the participation of a wider community in the decision-making process. 4. Conservation - Antarctica's (as yet inadequately understood) role in world climate, its value to science as a pristine area, and its aesthetic values, are such that they should be adequately protected in perpetuity. 5. Living resource conservation - the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), with its consensus decision-making, should be modified so that the aspirations of Article II of the Convention are realised.