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Extra info for Anisotropic Organic Materials. Approaches to Polar Order
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F o r example, for one the systems that w i l l be discussed i n more detail below - octatetraene i n n-hexane - this ratio is approximately 3 x l 0 . Since the homogeneous line widths are n o w masked b y the inhomogeneous distribution, we are faced w i t h a severe loss o f spectral resolution. A l l methods for the determination o f internal fields are based on the application o f an external electric field to the sample. In order to generate measurable changes to the entire inhomogeneous band, the external fields (just like other external perturbations like magnetic fields, pressure, or temperature) have to be substantial, o f the order or even exceeding the magnitude o f the internal fields.
Y o u n g , R . H. Chem. Phys. Lett. 1977, 51, 424-426. Moerner, W . ; K a d o r , L. Anal. Chem. 1989, 61, A 1 2 1 7 - A 1 2 2 3 . Moerner, W . ; A m b r o s e , W . P. Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 1990, 183, 47-57. ; Bernard, J. Phys. Rev. Lett 1990, 65, 2716-2719. ; W i l d , U. P. J. Chem. Phys. 1999, 111, 8755-8758. ; Orrit, M. ) 1999, 283, 1670-1676. Moerner, W. ; Basche, T. Angew. , Int. Ed. Engl. 1993, 32, 457-476. ; D o n l e y , Ε . Α . ; Wild, U. P. Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 1997, 48, 181-212.