America Identified: Biometric Technology and Society by Lisa S. Nelson

By Lisa S. Nelson

Using biometric know-how for id has long past from Orwellian myth to daily fact. This know-how, which verifies or acknowledges a person's id in keeping with physiological, anatomical, or behavioral styles (including fingerprints, retina, handwriting, and keystrokes) has been deployed for such reasons as fighting welfare fraud, screening plane passengers, and opting for terrorists. The accompanying controversy has pitted those that compliment the technology's accuracy and potency opposed to advocates for privateness and civil liberties. In the United States pointed out, Lisa Nelson investigates the advanced public responses to biometric expertise. She makes use of societal perceptions of this actual id know-how to discover the values, ideals, and ideologies that effect public attractiveness of know-how. Drawing on her personal wide learn with concentration teams and a countrywide survey, Nelson unearths that issues of privateness, anonymity, belief and self belief in associations, and the legitimacy of paternalistic govt interventions are very important to clients and strength clients of the know-how. She examines the lengthy historical past of presidency structures of id and the controversies they've got encouraged; the impact of the data expertise revolution and the occasions of September eleven, 2001; the normative worth of privateness (as against its purely felony definition); where of surveillance applied sciences in a civil society; belief in executive and mistrust in the multiplied function of presidency; and the stability among the necessity for presidency to act to avoid damage and the potential possibility to liberty in government's activities.

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Sample text

The moderator facilitated the discussion, while the note taker prepared the room and documented the participants’ comments. The focus groups were a mix of survey completion and discussion. The surveys evaluated the four specific topics mentioned in the focus group objectives above (privacy of personal information, institutions and their handling of private information, biometric technology as a way to protect private information, and situations where the use of biometric technology is acceptable).

Another one of the more popularized circumventions of a biometric identification system is a spoof attack: the attempt on the part of an individual to trick the system by assuming the biometric trait of another individual. This type of attack is thought Modern Identification Systems 41 to be more common with behavioral characteristics that can be adopted more easily but may also apply to the fraudulent creation of a “spoofed” fingerprint by creating a model of a latent capture of a fingerprint.

Handprint and fingerprint were the most commonly used biometrics. Participants reported working in a variety of industries, including the military, private business (self-employed), technology, child care, health care, administrative, sales, education, and the service sector. None of the participants reported being unemployed, and only four reported that they were retired. Thirty-two nonusers for four separate nonuser focus groups were recruited. We recruited fifty-five users to ensure the appropriate level of attendance at five separate user focus groups.

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