All the Pasha's Men: Mehmed Ali His Army and the Making of by Khaled Fahmy

By Khaled Fahmy

Whereas scholarship has routinely considered Mehmed Ali Pasha because the founding father of smooth Egypt, Khaled Fahmy deals a brand new interpretation of his function within the upward push of Egyptian nationalism, firmly finding him in the Ottoman context as an formidable, if not easy, Ottoman reformer. Basing his paintings on formerly ignored archival fabric, the writer demonstrates how Mehmed Ali sought to boost the Egyptian economic system and to accumulate the military, no longer as a method of gaining Egyptian independence from the Ottoman empire, yet to extra his personal targets for well-known hereditary rule over the province. by means of targeting the military and the soldier’s day-by-day reports, the writer constructs an in depth photo of makes an attempt at modernization and reform, how they have been deliberate and applied by means of numerous reformers, and the way the general public at huge understood and accommodated them. during this method, the paintings contributes to the bigger methodological and theoretical debates pertaining to nation-building and the development of nation energy within the specific context of early nineteenth-century Egypt.

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Additional info for All the Pasha's Men: Mehmed Ali His Army and the Making of Modern Egypt

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98. It has to be stated that this book is not a rigorous attempt to study Mehmed Ali's economic policy, a study that would require consulting the documents of Divan-i Fabnqat, the Factories Department, housed in the Egyptian National Archives, which have only recently been cataloged. The Pasha and Palmerston 21 institution. 49 It has to be admitted, however, that not all nationalist historians are so dismissive of the inherent problems encountered by the Pasha's "experiment" and some of them do highlight the significant obstacles that were faced in founding the modern army with its related institutions of hospitals, schools, "factories," etc.

13. Moustafa Fahmy, La Revolution de I'industrie en Egypte et ses consequences au 19e siecle (1800-50) (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1954). 47 St. John, Egypt, II, pp. 419-20. Fahmy, Revolution, p. 53. , p. 98. It has to be stated that this book is not a rigorous attempt to study Mehmed Ali's economic policy, a study that would require consulting the documents of Divan-i Fabnqat, the Factories Department, housed in the Egyptian National Archives, which have only recently been cataloged. The Pasha and Palmerston 21 institution.

These then are the main questions that this book is interested in. To recapitulate: What was the nature of Egyptian society in the first half of the nineteenth century insofar as its national identity was concerned? How did the Pasha and his elite identify themselves: as a Turkishspeaking elite that ruled an Arabic-speaking province of the Ottoman Empire or as a proto-national elite that attempted to deliver Egypt from the heavy burden of the Ottoman yoke? How did the non-elite members of Egyptian society react to their rulers' struggles against the "men from Istanbul," as the officials of the central administration of the Ottoman Empire were referred to?

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