By Margarita Diaz-Andreu
Margarita Diaz-Andreu bargains an leading edge background of archaeology through the 19th century, encompassing all its fields from the origins of humanity to the medieval interval, and all parts of the area. the advance of archaeology is put in the framework of up to date political occasions, with a selected concentration upon the ideologies of nationalism and imperialism. Diaz-Andreu examines quite a lot of matters, together with the construction of associations, the conversion of the examine of antiquities right into a occupation, public reminiscence, adjustments in archaeological suggestion and perform, and the impact on archaeology of racism, faith, the assumption in development, hegemony, and resistance.
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Additional resources for A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past (Oxford Studies in the History of Archaeology)
C. ). The study of antiquity was further fostered by the formation of the Wrst academies created to encourage the discussion and exchange of scholarly ideas. Following the example of the ancient Plato’s Academia, the Academia Platonica was founded by Cosimo de Medicis in Florence in 1438, and another Academy was opened in Naples by Alfonse V, king of Aragon (1416–58) and of Naples (from 1442). Three genres were developed in this period, adopted Wrst in the study of the Graeco-Roman world and then emulated for other antiquities elsewhere in Europe and America: topographic descriptions; systematic treatises of antiquities ordered into diVerent classes; and, Wnally, catalogues of collections (Schnapp 2002: 137).
Also, the existence of competing views regarding the nation and how archaeologists changed their perspectives over their lives will all form part of the discussion. Regarding imperialism and colonialism, some thoughts will be given to the eVect of explorers’ and archaeologists’ enthusiasm for recording of antiquities and to how helpful An Alternative Account 23 their reports were for the imperial authorities in order to justify their rule. In this context the institutionalization of archaeology in the colonies will be explored, highlighting the diverse ways in which this process took place in diVerent parts of the world.
In addition, however, there also were works of art and antiquities. Most of the antiquities came from the classical lands, especially from Italy—Rome and Venice in particular—and as usual, classical sculpture took precedence. He also bought some paintings and other works of art (Norman 1997). However, classical antiquities were not the only ones in the collection. In the last decade of his reign, Peter the Great augmented his museum with rich archaeological objects from Siberia that Wrst entered the collection in 1715.